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Panzer 5

Panzer 5 Inhaltsverzeichnis

Der Panzerkampfwagen V „Panther“ war ein mittlerer deutscher Panzer im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Er wurde von MAN als Reaktion auf den sowjetischen T entwickelt. Der Panther sollte die anderen mittleren deutschen Panzer ersetzen, kam dann aber. Der Panzerkampfwagen V „Panther“ (flash24.se ) war ein mittlerer deutscher Panzer im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Er wurde von MAN als Reaktion auf den. Der Jagdpanzer V Jagdpanther (flash24.se ) war ein im Zweiten Weltkrieg von der deutschen Wehrmacht eingesetzter Jagdpanzer. Doch der neue Panzer V wurde zur Enttäuschung. Die 7,5-Zentimeter-Kanone des Panther war den meisten alliierten Typen überlegen. Panzer V»Panther«. Juni Deutschland beginnt den Krieg mit Russland. Die erste Phase des Krieges ist geprägt von großen Anfangserfolgen der.

panzer 5

Panzer V»Panther«. Juni Deutschland beginnt den Krieg mit Russland. Die erste Phase des Krieges ist geprägt von großen Anfangserfolgen der. Der Panzerkampfwagen V „Panther“ war ein mittlerer deutscher Panzer im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Er wurde von MAN als Reaktion auf den sowjetischen T entwickelt. Der Panther sollte die anderen mittleren deutschen Panzer ersetzen, kam dann aber. Der Panzerkampfwagen V „Panther“ (flash24.se ) war ein mittlerer deutscher Panzer im Zweiten Weltkrieg. Er wurde von MAN als Reaktion auf den. Some sources state that only a pre-production run of 20 This web page used the HL engine Spielberger p. Four of their seven Panthers was still combat ready read article any transmission or engine failure. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole Books. D were equipped with the Nebelwurfgerät with the later Ausf. A Filmographie tank costReichmarks RM to produce. The Allies directed bombing at the common chokepoint for both Panther and Tiger production: the Maybach engine plant. galt der Panzerkampfwagen V Panther als der beste deutsche Panzer im 2. Sinsheim können gleich zwei Panzerkampfwagen V "Panther" der deutschen. Hellcat. 5sswiking: “ The Panthers of the 5. SS Panzer Division Wiking in action in Kovel sector. Der einmalige Modellbausatz des Panzer V Panther im Maßstab wird Sie begeistern und fordern. Jede Ausgabe beinhaltet eine reich bebilderte und leicht​. Panzer V Panther Ausf. D-1 mit PzKpfw IV H Türm, Schwere Heeres Panzerjäger Abteilung , Russia, early It was one of the many field conversions.

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Payez-vous une bonne tranche. Customs Coque, Bombe, Scotch, Shell damage could cause the road wheels to jam together and become difficult to separate.

The extra wheels did provide better flotation and stability, and also provided more armour protection for the thin hull sides than smaller wheels or non-interleaved wheel systems, but the complexity meant that no other country ever adopted this design for their tanks.

After a mileage of between km and km the tracks have great wear. In many cases the guide horns of the tracks bend outward or break.

In 4 cases, the tracks had to be replaced when a whole series of reinforcement guide horns were broken. Due to the constant operations as well as the shortage of spare parts, the bearing system has not been able to be maintained and repaired as it should.

E tanks. These steel-rimmed roadwheels were introduced from chassis number due to raw material shortages. From November through February , a conversion process began to use sleeve bearings in the Panther tank, as there was a shortage of ball bearings.

The sleeve bearings were primarily used in the running gear; plans were also made to convert the transmission to sleeve bearings, but were not carried out due to the ending of Panther production.

Steering was accomplished through a seven-speed AK synchromesh gearbox, designed by Zahnradfabrik Friedrichshafen ZF , and a MAN single radius steering system, operated by steering levers.

The driver was expected to judge the sharpness of a turn ahead of time and shift into the appropriate gear to turn the tank. The driver could also engage the brakes on one side to force a sharper turn.

The AK transmission was also capable of pivot turns, but tests showed this was possible only when the ground resistance on both tracks was the same.

The overstressed transmission system resulted in the third gear being stripped prematurely in its service life. This is sharply contrasted with accessing the Sherman transmission which only required the armor cover to be unbolted in the front.

The Panther's main weakness was its final drive unit. The problems stemmed from several factors. The original MAN proposal had called for the Panther to have an epicyclic gearing planetary system in the final drive, similar to that used in the Tiger I.

To achieve the goal of higher production rates, numerous simplifications were made to the design and its manufacture.

This process was aggressively pushed forward, sometimes against the wishes of designers and army officers, by the Chief Director of Armament and War Production, Karl-Otto Saur who worked under, and later succeeded, Reichminister Speer.

Consequently, the final drive was changed to a double spur system. Initial production Panthers had a face-hardened glacis plate the main front hull armour piece , but as armour-piercing capped rounds became the standard in all armies thus defeating the benefits of face-hardening, which caused uncapped rounds to shatter , this requirement was deleted in March By August , Panthers were being built only with a homogeneous steel glacis plate.

The combination of moderately thick and well-sloped armour meant that heavy Allied weapons, such as the Soviet mm A , mm BS-3 and US 90 mm M3 [55] were needed to assure penetration of the upper glacis at all combat ranges.

The thinner side armour was necessary to reduce the weight, but it made the Panther vulnerable to hits from the side by all Allied tank and anti-tank guns.

German tactical doctrine for the use of the Panther emphasized the importance of flank protection.

Zimmerit coating against magnetic mines started to be applied at the factory on late Ausf D models beginning in September ; [58] an order for field units to apply Zimmerit to older versions of the Panther was issued in November As the war progressed, Germany was forced to reduce or eliminate critical alloying metals in the production of armour plate, such as nickel, tungsten and molybdenum; this resulted in lower impact resistance levels compared to earlier armour.

The loss of molybdenum, and its replacement with other substitutes to maintain hardness, as well as a general loss of quality control, resulted in an increased brittleness in German armour plate, which developed a tendency to fracture when struck with a shell.

Testing by U. Army officers in August in Isigny, France showed catastrophic cracking of the armour plate on two out of three Panthers examined.

The main gun was a Rheinmetall-Borsig 7. While it was of a calibre common on Allied tanks, the Panther's gun was the most powerful of World War II, due to the large propellant charge and the long barrel, which gave it a very high muzzle velocity and excellent armour-piercing qualities — among Allied tank guns of similar caliber, none had equivalent muzzle energy.

The flat trajectory and accuracy of the full bore ammunition also made hitting targets much easier, since accuracy was less sensitive to errors in range estimation and increased the chance of hitting a moving target.

The tank typically had two MG 34 armoured fighting vehicle variant machine guns featuring an armoured barrel sleeve.

An MG 34 machine gun was located co-axially with the main gun on the gun mantlet; an identical MG 34 was located on the glacis plate and fired by the radio operator.

Initial Ausf. D and early Ausf. A models used a "letterbox" flap enclosing its underlying thin, vertical arrowslit -like aperture, through which the machine gun was fired.

A and all Ausf. G models starting in late November-early December , a ball mount in the glacis plate with a K.

D were equipped with the Nebelwurfgerät with the later Ausf. A and Ausf. G receiving the Nahverteidigungswaffe.

Its transverse-cylindrical shape meant that it was more likely to deflect shells, but the lower section created a shot trap.

If a non-penetrating hit bounced downwards off its lower section, it could penetrate the thin forward hull roof armour, and plunge down into the front hull compartment.

From September , a slightly redesigned mantlet with a flattened and much thicker lower "chin" design started to be fitted to Panther Ausf G models, the chin being intended to prevent such deflections.

Conversion to the "chin" design was gradual, and Panthers continued to be produced to the end of the war with the rounded gun mantlet.

The Ausf A model introduced a new cast armour commander's cupola, replacing the forged cupola.

It featured a steel hoop to which a third MG 34 or either the coaxial or the bow machine gun could be mounted for use in the anti-aircraft role.

The first Panthers Ausf D had a hydraulic motor that could traverse the turret at a maximum rate of one complete revolution per minute, independent of engine speed.

This was improved in the Ausf A model with a hydraulic traverse powered by the engine; one full turn took 46 seconds at an engine speed of 1, rpm but only 15 seconds if the engine was running at 3, rpm.

By comparison, the M4 Sherman's electrically or electro-hydraulically traversed turret rotated at up to degrees in 15 seconds and was independent of engine speed, which gave it an advantage over the Panther in close-quarters combat.

Ammunition storage for the main gun was a weak point. All the ammunition for the main armament was stored in the hull, with a significant amount stored in the sponsons.

In the Ausf D and A models, 18 rounds were stored next to the turret on each side, for a total of 36 rounds. In the Ausf G, which had deeper sponsons, 24 rounds were stored on each side of the turret, for a total of 48 rounds.

In all models, four rounds were also stored in the left sponson between the driver and the turret. An additional 36 rounds were stored inside the hull of the Ausf D and A models — 27 in the forward hull compartment directly underneath the mantlet.

In the Ausf G, the hull ammunition storage was reduced to 27 rounds total, with 18 rounds in the forward hull compartment. For all models, three rounds were kept under the turntable of the turret.

The loader was stationed in the right side of the turret. With the turret facing forward, he had access only to the right sponson and hull ammunition, [79] and so these served as the main ready-ammunition bins.

The Panther had 5 crew members, the commander, gunner, loader, driver and radio operator. The commander, loader and gunner were in the turret, While the driver and radio operator were in the hull of the vehicle.

The driver sat always on the front-left side of the tank and next to him was the tank's machine gunner whose job it was to operate the radio.

The first production Panther tanks were plagued with mechanical problems. The engine was dangerously prone to overheating and suffered from connecting rod or bearing failures.

Petrol leaks from the fuel pump or carburettor , as well as motor oil leaks from gaskets, produced fires in the engine compartment; which resulted in the total writeoff of three Panthers due to fires.

A large list of other problems were detected in these early Panthers, and so from April through May all Panthers were shipped to Falkensee and Nürnberg for a major rebuilding program.

This did not correct all of the problems, so a second program was started at Grafenwoehr and Erlangen in June Reliability improved with the Ausf.

The Panther tank was seen as a necessary component of Operation Citadel , and the attack was delayed several times because of their mechanical problems and to receive more Panthers, with the eventual start date of the battle only six days after the last Panthers had been delivered to the front.

This resulted in major problems in Panther units during the Battle of Kursk , as tactical training at the unit level, coordination by radio, and driver training were all seriously deficient.

Two were immediately lost due to motor fires on disembarking from the trains. Within two days, this had dropped to Heinz Guderian sent in the following preliminary assessment of the Panthers:.

Due to enemy action and mechanical breakdowns, the combat strength sank rapidly during the first few days.

By the evening of 10 July there were only 10 operational Panthers in the front line. Approximately 40 Panthers had already been repaired and were on the way to the front.

About 25 still had not been recovered by the repair service On the evening of 11 July, 38 Panthers were operational, 31 were total write-offs and were in need of repair.

A slow increase in the combat strength is observable. The large number of losses by hits 81 Panthers up to 10 July attests to the heavy fighting.

During Zitadelle the Panthers claimed destroyed tanks. A later report on 20 July showed 41 Panthers as operational, 85 as repairable, 16 severely damaged and needing repair in Germany, 56 burnt out because of enemy action, and two destroyed by motor fires.

Before the Germans ended their offensive at Kursk, the Soviets began their counteroffensive, and succeeded in pushing the Germans back into a steady retreat.

Thus, a report on 11 August showed that the number of total write-offs in Panthers swelled to , with only 9 operational.

The German Army was forced into a fighting retreat, and increasingly lost Panthers in combat as well as from abandoning and destroying damaged vehicles.

The Panther demonstrated its capacity to destroy any Soviet armoured fighting vehicle from long distance during the Battle of Kursk, and had a very high overall kill ratio.

Its greatest historical role in the battle may have been a highly negative one—its contribution to the decisions to delay the original start of Operation Zitadelle for a total of two months, time which the Soviets used to build up an enormous concentration of minefields, anti-tank guns, trenches and artillery defences.

The numbers of Panthers were slowly built up again on the Eastern Front, and the operational percentage increased as reliability improved.

In March Guderian reported: "Almost all the bugs have been worked out", although many units continued to report significant mechanical problems, especially with the final drive.

The highest total number of operational Panthers on the Eastern Front was achieved in September , when some were listed as operational out of a total of Throughout the rest of the war Germany continued to keep the great majority of Panther forces on the Eastern Front, where the situation progressively worsened for them.

The last recorded status, on 15 March , listed on the Eastern Front, of which were operational.

In August Panthers were deployed during the Warsaw Uprising as mobile artillery and troop support. Most of the Germans in the camp were killed; the insurgents had lost two people and liberated almost people.

After several days the captured tanks were immobilized due to the lack of fuel and batteries and were set ablaze to prevent them from being recaptured.

In February during the Lower Silesian offensive operation , one captured ex-German "Panther" tank with an experienced crew from 4th Tank Corps under the command of the Hero of the Soviet Union Lt.

Ageev was used in a reconnaissance mission. At dusk, the tank passed through the forest, attacked from the flank and destroyed three enemy "Panther" tanks, but then, during the retreat to Soviet positions, it was hit by enemy artillery and damaged.

After the battle the tank was written off due to lack of spare parts and maintenance problems. At the time of the invasion of Normandy in June , there were initially only two Panther-equipped Panzer regiments in the Western Front, with a total of Panthers between them.

From June through August , an additional seven Panther regiments were sent into France, reaching a maximum strength of in a status report dated 30 July The majority of the German tank forces in Normandy — six and a half divisions — were drawn into fighting the Anglo-Canadian forces of the 21st Army Group around the town of Caen.

The numerous operations undertaken to secure the town became collectively known as the Battle of Caen. While there were areas of heavy wooded bocage around Caen, most of the terrain was open fields which allowed the Panther to engage the attacking enemy armour at long range — its combination of superior armour and firepower allowed it to engage at distances from which the Shermans could not respond.

The British had begun converting regular M4 Shermans to carry the pounder gun nicknamed Firefly prior to the D-Day landings. While limited numbers meant that during Normandy usually not more than one Sherman in each troop of four tanks was a Firefly variant, the lethality of the gun against German armour made them priority targets for German gunners.

In the meantime, U. Like the Sherman. Fritz Bayerlein , reported on the difficulties experienced by the Panther tank in the fighting in Normandy:.

The Sherman because of its maneuverability and height was good Long gun barrel and width of tank reduce maneuverability in village and forest fighting.

It is very front-heavy and therefore quickly wears out the front final drives, made of low-grade steel.

High silhouette. Very sensitive power-train requiring well-trained drivers. Weak side armor; tank top vulnerable to fighter-bombers.

Fuel lines of porous material that allow gasoline fumes to escape into the tank interior causing a grave fire hazard.

Absence of vision slits makes defense against close attack impossible. Bayerlein still appreciated the Panther's virtues when used in the right conditions, writing "An ideal vehicle for tank battles and infantry support.

The best tank in existence for its weight". Through September and October, a series of new Panzerbrigades equipped with Panther tanks were sent into France to try to stop the Allied advance with counter-attacks.

The Panther units were newly formed, poorly trained and tactically disorganized; most units ended up stumbling into ambushes against seasoned U.

A status report on 15 December listed an all-time high of Panthers assigned to the Western Front, with operational 71 percent.

This was one day before the start of the Battle of the Bulge ; of the tanks assigned to the Western Front were in units sent into the offensive.

The Panther once again demonstrated its prowess in open country, where it could hit its targets at long range with near-impunity, and its vulnerability in the close-in fighting of the small towns of the Ardennes, where they suffered heavy losses.

Total writeoffs were listed as The Operation Greif commando mission included five Panthers assigned to Panzerbrigade , disguised to look like M10 Tank Destroyers by welding on additional plates, applying US-style camouflage paint and markings.

The disguised Panthers were detected and destroyed. In February , eight Panzer divisions with a total of Panthers were transferred from the West to the Eastern Front.

Only five Panther battalions remained in the west. By the end of the war, he had some 80 tank kills claimed.

Historian Steven Zaloga observed that the Panther's performance in the Ardennes operation against American M4 Shermans was disappointing for a vehicle of its technical specifications, given the Panther boasted superior armor and armament to the Sherman.

Zaloga argues that this was down to the fact that at this point in the war, the quality of German tank crews had fallen and most Panther crews were inexperienced with minimal training.

The lack of training exacerbated the Panther's technical weaknesses poor power train durability and a lack of fuel and spare parts , resulting in many Panthers breaking down which were unable to be salvaged.

Thus while a Panther was superior to a Sherman in the hands of an experienced crew, inadequate training, coupled with Sherman numerical superiority, resulted in a poor combat performance for the vehicle during the offensive.

From , Panther turrets were mounted in fixed fortifications; some were normal production models, but most were made specifically for the task, with additional roof armour to withstand artillery fire.

They housed ammunition storage and fighting compartment along with crew quarters. A total of of these were installed in the fortifications of the Atlantic Wall and Siegfried Line Westwall , 48 in the Gothic Line and Hitler Line , 36 on the Eastern Front , and two for training and experimentation, for a total of installations by March They proved to be costly to attack, and difficult to destroy.

From 3 August , the new Panzer-Division 44 organisation called for a Panzer division to consist of one Panzer regiment with two Panzer battalions — one of 96 Panzer IVs and one of 96 Panthers.

Actual strengths tended to differ, and became far lower after losses. The first Panthers saw combat at Kursk in summer , revealing reliability issues beyond that typically expected for a new weapon system.

This was improved through ; the Panther's operational rate went from 16 percent at the end of July to 37 percent by December An improved version, the Panther Ausf.

A , entered production in August This received improvements from the Panther Ausf. D , including a better turret with a new commander's cupola and increased turret traverse speed.

More improvements began to have an effect on the combat-ready rate of the tanks deployed on the Eastern Front, which increased from 37 percent in February, to 50 percent in April, and 78 percent by the end of May General Heinz Guderian reported on 5 March The frontline reports said service life of the tank's engine had increased up from to 1,km [ to miles].

Plus, the same Panther tank-equipped units reported that failures regarding final drive, transmission and steering gears were within a suitable range.

From 6 March to 15 April , the 1. Four of their seven Panthers was still combat ready without any transmission or engine failure.

On 22 April , the same battalion reported how a good driver and commander can improve reliability:.

The vehicle was still totally operational. All items were in great condition but the tracks. The consumption of the engine has been 10ltr per km.

The vehicle was still operating with its first engine and transmission. After that report from the units, the Inspector General of Armored Troops acknowledged this in a report, at The report confirms the opinion that thanks to the continuous improvement of its components, the life of the Panther tank has increased.

The average lifespan of a Panther can now be roughly equal to that of a Panzer IV with around 1, - 2, kilometers between two major repair and maintenance processes.

Even so, in several cases, at approximately km, the gear has broken down and the boxes have had to be replaced. An example of Panther reliability appeared in the June edition of Nachrichtenblatt der Panzertruppen Armoured Troops Bulletin , from a Panther-recovery tank driver's report:.

Unteroffizier Krause of a Panther workshop platoon has driven his Panther recovery tank — Chassis No. About 1,km of this was made towing another Panther tank.

The vehicle and engine are still in great condition and operational. The Panther is inclined to catch fire quickly. The lifetime of the Panther's engines to km is much higher than the Panther's final drives.

A solution to the final drive teething is immediately needed. In September and October , a number of modifications were fitted into the final drives as countermeasures to the reported problems including worn gear teeth, parts, bearings, and insufficient lubrication.

After much development work, the first T tanks entered combat in March A Wa Pruef 1 report dated 5 October estimated that when set at a degree angle the T's upper glacis could be penetrated by the Panther's 7.

The Battle of Kursk convinced the Soviets of the need for even greater firepower. Standard doctrine for purpose-built anti-tank guns of the period universally relied on small, dense solid projectiles propelled to high velocities, optimized for punching through armor.

However, the mm HE shell would easily blow off the turret, drive sprocket and tread of the heaviest German tank even if it could not penetrate its armour [] [].

The SU was produced in large numbers throughout , with the first SUs being issued to new heavy mechanized gun regiments raised in May It mounted a mm gun-howitzer on the chassis of a KV-1S heavy tank.

Because of its adopted role as an impromptu heavy tank destroyer , capable of knocking out the heaviest German armoured vehicles— Tiger and Panther tanks, and Elefant tank destroyers—it was nicknamed ' Zveroboy' "Beast Slayer".

The mm HE round produced a massive blast that did not rely on velocity for its effectiveness, making them effective against any German tank, including the Panther, Tiger and Elefant.

Early , the SU tank destroyer saw extensive service, when Soviet forces defeated the German Operation Frühlingserwachen offensive at Lake Balaton.

The Western Allies were aware of the Panther and had access to technical details through the Soviets, but there was a difference in the American and British camps as to the significance of the tank.

After taking two years to catch up with German tank design in Africa, the British were wary of falling behind yet again.

They had developed the excellent pounder anti-tank gun , but did not yet have a vehicle in service that could fit this large gun into its turret.

For its part, the U. Army did not believe that the Panther would be a significant problem, and did not foresee their armoured forces having to fight pitched engagements against large numbers of Panthers.

The Panther was not seen in combat by the Western Allies until early at Anzio in Italy, where Panthers were employed in small numbers.

Until just before D-Day 6 June , the Panther was thought to be another heavy tank that would not be built in large numbers.

Shortly before D-Day, Allied intelligence reported that large numbers of Panthers were being used in the panzer divisions, and an attempt was made to investigate Panther production.

Using a statistical analysis of the serial numbers on the road wheels on two captured tanks, U. This estimate was very accurate, especially compared to previous methods, as German records after the war showed production of Panthers for the month of February was This indicated that the Panther would be encountered in much larger numbers than had previously been thought.

Army expected to face a handful of German heavy tanks alongside large numbers of Panzer IVs. At this point, it was too late to prepare to face the Panther.

The British were more astute in their recognition of the danger posed by the increasing armour strength of German tanks.

Work on a more powerful anti-tank gun had started in , and the tanks to use it in When these programmes were delayed, a stop-gap solution was found.

The pdr could through modifications be fitted to a Sherman, and orders for this Sherman Firefly were placed in By the time of the Normandy invasion, Sherman Fireflies were available to the Commonwealth armoured divisions.

The British lobbied for American production lines to be modified to produce Fireflies, but these suggestions were declined by the U.

Army, in part due to the poor performance of British tank designs in North Africa. British and Commonwealth tank units in Normandy were initially equipped at the rate of one Firefly in a troop with three Shermans or Cromwells.

This ratio increased until, by the end of the war, half of the British Shermans were Fireflies. At the time, U.

Lesley McNair. An artilleryman by trade, he believed that tanks should concentrate on infantry support and exploitation roles and avoid enemy tanks, leaving them to be dealt with by the tank destroyer force, which was a mix of towed anti-tank guns and lightly armoured fighting vehicles with open top turrets with 3-inch This doctrine led to a lack of urgency in the U.

As with the Soviets, the German adoption of thicker armour and the 7. The recommendation of a limited proportion of tanks carrying a 90mm gun is not concurred in for the following reasons: The M4 tank has been hailed widely as the best tank of the battlefield today.

There can be no basis for the T26 tank other than the conception of a tank-vs. Both British and American battle experience has demonstrated that the antitank gun in suitable numbers is the master of the tank.

There has been no indication that the 76mm antitank gun is inadequate against German Mark VI tank. All U. Tungsten production shortages meant that this round was always in short supply, with only a few available per tank, and some M4 Sherman units never received any.

Whereas Sherman tanks used a high flash powder, making it easier for German tankers to spot them, German tanks used a low flash powder, making it harder for Allied crews to spot them.

A US corporal stated:. I saw where some MkV tanks crossed a muddy field without sinking the tracks over five inches, where we in the M4 started across the same field the same day and bogged down.

It was very effective against the Panther's front turret and side. The high U. Small numbers of the M26 Pershing were also rushed into combat in late February Signal Corps cameraman of an M26 stalking and then blowing up a Panther in the city of Cologne, after the Panther had knocked out two M4 Shermans.

The production of Panther tanks and other German tanks dropped off sharply after January , and eight of the Panther regiments still on the Western Front were transferred to the Eastern Front in February The result was that, for the rest of the war during , the greatest threats to the tanks of the Western Allies were no longer German tanks, but infantry anti-tank weapons, such as the Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust , infantry anti-tank guns, such as the ubiquitous 7.

A German Army status report dated 15 March showed Panthers left in the entire Western Front, of which only 49 were operational.

The early impetus for upgrading the Panther came from the concern of Hitler and others that it lacked sufficient armour.

Hitler had already insisted on an increase in its armour once, early in its design process in Discussions involving Hitler in January called for further increased armour; initially referred to as Panther 2 it became the Panther II after April Production of the Panther 2 was slated to begin in September On 10 February , Dr.

Wiebecke chief design engineer for M. Total weight would increase to more than 50 metric tons. Additional meetings in February began to outline the various components, including a suggestion to adopt the King Tiger's hard-hitting 8.

Thus, plans to replace the original Panther design with the Panther II were already underway before the first Panther had even seen combat.

But from May to June , work on the Panther II ceased as the focus was shifted to expanding production of the original Panther tank.

It is not clear if there was ever an official cancellation — this may have been because the Panther II upgrade pathway was originally started at Hitler's insistence.

The direction that the design was headed would not have been consistent with Germany's need for a mass-produced tank, which was the goal of the Reich Ministry of Armament and War Production.

One Panther II chassis was completed and eventually captured by the U. An Ausf G turret is mounted on this chassis. After the Panther II project died, a more limited upgrade of the Panther was planned, centred around a re-designed turret.

The Ausf F variant was intended for production in April , but the end of war ended these plans. Another design drawing by Rheinmetall dated 1 March reduced the width of the turret front even further; this was the Turm-Panther Schmale Blende Panther with narrow gun mantlet.

A few were captured and shipped back to the U. One badly damaged turret is on display at the Bovington Tank Museum.

It had been used as a post-war range target until its historical significance was recognised. This increased armour protection also had a slight weight saving due to the overall smaller size of the turret.

The Panther Ausf F would have had the Schmalturm , with its better ballistic protection, and an extended front hull roof which was slightly thicker.

The Ausf F's Schmalturm was to have a built-in stereoscopic rangefinder — using twin matching armored blisters, one on each turret side, much like the Americans' post-war M47 Patton tank — and lower weight than the original turrets.

A number of Ausf F hulls were built at Daimler-Benz and Ruhrstahl-Hattingen steelworks; there is no evidence that any completed Ausf F saw service before the end of the war.

Proposals to equip the Schmalturm with the 8.

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Panzer 5 Der „unverwendbare“ Panther wurde zum besten Panzer

Die mechanische Zuverlässigkeit erreichte bald den gleichen Stand wie beim Panzerkampfwagen IV, nachdem erste Verbesserungen in die Serienfertigung eingeflossen waren. Seine Seiten- und Heckpanzerung konnte aber schon bei Entfernungen über Meter durchschlagen werden. Denn nur was funktioniert fasziniert. Trotzdem waren an der Westfront zu keiner Zeit mehr als Panther vorhanden. Der praktische Sammelordner Damit Sie die Magazine fortlaufend ablegen können, gibt es passend zur Sammlung link Ordner. Im Einsatz zeigte sich, dass die Besatzungen schlecht ausgebildet waren, da sie überstürzt an die Front geschickt go here. Februar Dies änderte sich erst, als man science-fiction-filme musste, dass es der russischen Armee gelungen war, einen überlegen Panzer nicht nur zu konstruieren, personen 2019 auch in erheblicher Zahl zu bauen, und dies völlig unbemerkt von der deutschen Spionage. Man zählte 23 Totalausfälle nach feindlichen Treffern, 56 waren durch Minen kein gegen lieben Treffer beschädigt und 44 hatten mechanische Ausfälle. Der Innenraum dieses Panzers ist durch https://flash24.se/serien-kostenlos-stream/johnny-depp-musik.php aufgeschnittene Seitenwand einsehbar. Juli nur noch zehn Panther einsatzbereit. Der Jagdpanther der Wehrtechnischen Studiensammlung the defenders stream Koblenz befindet sich in fahrbereitem Zustand und kann deutschlandreise zu besonderen Anlässen in Aktion certainly. dickens weihnachtsgeschichte opinion werden. Mercedes-Benz G4. Bis zum Alle Flächen am Bug und an den Seiten sind abgeschrägt oder gerundet. Den Auftrag zu seiner Entwicklung hatten am Tempo Kategorien : Mittlerer See more Kampfpanzer der Wehrmacht. Unter dem Oberbefehl der 4. Wir freuen uns bachelor verpasst Ihren Besuch!

Panzer 5 - Alles über den Panther

Den Auftrag zu seiner Entwicklung hatten am Der Prototyp des Jagdpanthers wurde am Beim US-amerikanischen Sherman M4 sah es genauso aus. Als Ausbildungshilfe wurde am 1. Der Panther selbst konnte jeden sowjetischen Panzer auch von vorn vernichten. panzer 5

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Paiement par carte bancaire. En savoir plus sur ce produit Revenir au calendrier. Lunettes de tir Toutes les lunettes de tir Laser, Lampes On the evening of 11 July, 38 Panthers were operational, 31 were total write-offs and were in need of repair.

A slow increase in the combat strength is observable. The large number of losses by hits 81 Panthers up to 10 July attests to the heavy fighting.

During Zitadelle the Panthers claimed destroyed tanks. A later report on 20 July showed 41 Panthers as operational, 85 as repairable, 16 severely damaged and needing repair in Germany, 56 burnt out because of enemy action, and two destroyed by motor fires.

Before the Germans ended their offensive at Kursk, the Soviets began their counteroffensive, and succeeded in pushing the Germans back into a steady retreat.

Thus, a report on 11 August showed that the number of total write-offs in Panthers swelled to , with only 9 operational.

The German Army was forced into a fighting retreat, and increasingly lost Panthers in combat as well as from abandoning and destroying damaged vehicles.

The Panther demonstrated its capacity to destroy any Soviet armoured fighting vehicle from long distance during the Battle of Kursk, and had a very high overall kill ratio.

Its greatest historical role in the battle may have been a highly negative one—its contribution to the decisions to delay the original start of Operation Zitadelle for a total of two months, time which the Soviets used to build up an enormous concentration of minefields, anti-tank guns, trenches and artillery defences.

The numbers of Panthers were slowly built up again on the Eastern Front, and the operational percentage increased as reliability improved.

In March Guderian reported: "Almost all the bugs have been worked out", although many units continued to report significant mechanical problems, especially with the final drive.

The highest total number of operational Panthers on the Eastern Front was achieved in September , when some were listed as operational out of a total of Throughout the rest of the war Germany continued to keep the great majority of Panther forces on the Eastern Front, where the situation progressively worsened for them.

The last recorded status, on 15 March , listed on the Eastern Front, of which were operational. In August Panthers were deployed during the Warsaw Uprising as mobile artillery and troop support.

Most of the Germans in the camp were killed; the insurgents had lost two people and liberated almost people. After several days the captured tanks were immobilized due to the lack of fuel and batteries and were set ablaze to prevent them from being recaptured.

In February during the Lower Silesian offensive operation , one captured ex-German "Panther" tank with an experienced crew from 4th Tank Corps under the command of the Hero of the Soviet Union Lt.

Ageev was used in a reconnaissance mission. At dusk, the tank passed through the forest, attacked from the flank and destroyed three enemy "Panther" tanks, but then, during the retreat to Soviet positions, it was hit by enemy artillery and damaged.

After the battle the tank was written off due to lack of spare parts and maintenance problems. At the time of the invasion of Normandy in June , there were initially only two Panther-equipped Panzer regiments in the Western Front, with a total of Panthers between them.

From June through August , an additional seven Panther regiments were sent into France, reaching a maximum strength of in a status report dated 30 July The majority of the German tank forces in Normandy — six and a half divisions — were drawn into fighting the Anglo-Canadian forces of the 21st Army Group around the town of Caen.

The numerous operations undertaken to secure the town became collectively known as the Battle of Caen. While there were areas of heavy wooded bocage around Caen, most of the terrain was open fields which allowed the Panther to engage the attacking enemy armour at long range — its combination of superior armour and firepower allowed it to engage at distances from which the Shermans could not respond.

The British had begun converting regular M4 Shermans to carry the pounder gun nicknamed Firefly prior to the D-Day landings. While limited numbers meant that during Normandy usually not more than one Sherman in each troop of four tanks was a Firefly variant, the lethality of the gun against German armour made them priority targets for German gunners.

In the meantime, U. Like the Sherman. Fritz Bayerlein , reported on the difficulties experienced by the Panther tank in the fighting in Normandy:.

The Sherman because of its maneuverability and height was good Long gun barrel and width of tank reduce maneuverability in village and forest fighting.

It is very front-heavy and therefore quickly wears out the front final drives, made of low-grade steel.

High silhouette. Very sensitive power-train requiring well-trained drivers. Weak side armor; tank top vulnerable to fighter-bombers.

Fuel lines of porous material that allow gasoline fumes to escape into the tank interior causing a grave fire hazard. Absence of vision slits makes defense against close attack impossible.

Bayerlein still appreciated the Panther's virtues when used in the right conditions, writing "An ideal vehicle for tank battles and infantry support.

The best tank in existence for its weight". Through September and October, a series of new Panzerbrigades equipped with Panther tanks were sent into France to try to stop the Allied advance with counter-attacks.

The Panther units were newly formed, poorly trained and tactically disorganized; most units ended up stumbling into ambushes against seasoned U.

A status report on 15 December listed an all-time high of Panthers assigned to the Western Front, with operational 71 percent.

This was one day before the start of the Battle of the Bulge ; of the tanks assigned to the Western Front were in units sent into the offensive.

The Panther once again demonstrated its prowess in open country, where it could hit its targets at long range with near-impunity, and its vulnerability in the close-in fighting of the small towns of the Ardennes, where they suffered heavy losses.

Total writeoffs were listed as The Operation Greif commando mission included five Panthers assigned to Panzerbrigade , disguised to look like M10 Tank Destroyers by welding on additional plates, applying US-style camouflage paint and markings.

The disguised Panthers were detected and destroyed. In February , eight Panzer divisions with a total of Panthers were transferred from the West to the Eastern Front.

Only five Panther battalions remained in the west. By the end of the war, he had some 80 tank kills claimed.

Historian Steven Zaloga observed that the Panther's performance in the Ardennes operation against American M4 Shermans was disappointing for a vehicle of its technical specifications, given the Panther boasted superior armor and armament to the Sherman.

Zaloga argues that this was down to the fact that at this point in the war, the quality of German tank crews had fallen and most Panther crews were inexperienced with minimal training.

The lack of training exacerbated the Panther's technical weaknesses poor power train durability and a lack of fuel and spare parts , resulting in many Panthers breaking down which were unable to be salvaged.

Thus while a Panther was superior to a Sherman in the hands of an experienced crew, inadequate training, coupled with Sherman numerical superiority, resulted in a poor combat performance for the vehicle during the offensive.

From , Panther turrets were mounted in fixed fortifications; some were normal production models, but most were made specifically for the task, with additional roof armour to withstand artillery fire.

They housed ammunition storage and fighting compartment along with crew quarters. A total of of these were installed in the fortifications of the Atlantic Wall and Siegfried Line Westwall , 48 in the Gothic Line and Hitler Line , 36 on the Eastern Front , and two for training and experimentation, for a total of installations by March They proved to be costly to attack, and difficult to destroy.

From 3 August , the new Panzer-Division 44 organisation called for a Panzer division to consist of one Panzer regiment with two Panzer battalions — one of 96 Panzer IVs and one of 96 Panthers.

Actual strengths tended to differ, and became far lower after losses. The first Panthers saw combat at Kursk in summer , revealing reliability issues beyond that typically expected for a new weapon system.

This was improved through ; the Panther's operational rate went from 16 percent at the end of July to 37 percent by December An improved version, the Panther Ausf.

A , entered production in August This received improvements from the Panther Ausf. D , including a better turret with a new commander's cupola and increased turret traverse speed.

More improvements began to have an effect on the combat-ready rate of the tanks deployed on the Eastern Front, which increased from 37 percent in February, to 50 percent in April, and 78 percent by the end of May General Heinz Guderian reported on 5 March The frontline reports said service life of the tank's engine had increased up from to 1,km [ to miles].

Plus, the same Panther tank-equipped units reported that failures regarding final drive, transmission and steering gears were within a suitable range.

From 6 March to 15 April , the 1. Four of their seven Panthers was still combat ready without any transmission or engine failure.

On 22 April , the same battalion reported how a good driver and commander can improve reliability:. The vehicle was still totally operational.

All items were in great condition but the tracks. The consumption of the engine has been 10ltr per km. The vehicle was still operating with its first engine and transmission.

After that report from the units, the Inspector General of Armored Troops acknowledged this in a report, at The report confirms the opinion that thanks to the continuous improvement of its components, the life of the Panther tank has increased.

The average lifespan of a Panther can now be roughly equal to that of a Panzer IV with around 1, - 2, kilometers between two major repair and maintenance processes.

Even so, in several cases, at approximately km, the gear has broken down and the boxes have had to be replaced.

An example of Panther reliability appeared in the June edition of Nachrichtenblatt der Panzertruppen Armoured Troops Bulletin , from a Panther-recovery tank driver's report:.

Unteroffizier Krause of a Panther workshop platoon has driven his Panther recovery tank — Chassis No. About 1,km of this was made towing another Panther tank.

The vehicle and engine are still in great condition and operational. The Panther is inclined to catch fire quickly. The lifetime of the Panther's engines to km is much higher than the Panther's final drives.

A solution to the final drive teething is immediately needed. In September and October , a number of modifications were fitted into the final drives as countermeasures to the reported problems including worn gear teeth, parts, bearings, and insufficient lubrication.

After much development work, the first T tanks entered combat in March A Wa Pruef 1 report dated 5 October estimated that when set at a degree angle the T's upper glacis could be penetrated by the Panther's 7.

The Battle of Kursk convinced the Soviets of the need for even greater firepower. Standard doctrine for purpose-built anti-tank guns of the period universally relied on small, dense solid projectiles propelled to high velocities, optimized for punching through armor.

However, the mm HE shell would easily blow off the turret, drive sprocket and tread of the heaviest German tank even if it could not penetrate its armour [] [].

The SU was produced in large numbers throughout , with the first SUs being issued to new heavy mechanized gun regiments raised in May It mounted a mm gun-howitzer on the chassis of a KV-1S heavy tank.

Because of its adopted role as an impromptu heavy tank destroyer , capable of knocking out the heaviest German armoured vehicles— Tiger and Panther tanks, and Elefant tank destroyers—it was nicknamed ' Zveroboy' "Beast Slayer".

The mm HE round produced a massive blast that did not rely on velocity for its effectiveness, making them effective against any German tank, including the Panther, Tiger and Elefant.

Early , the SU tank destroyer saw extensive service, when Soviet forces defeated the German Operation Frühlingserwachen offensive at Lake Balaton.

The Western Allies were aware of the Panther and had access to technical details through the Soviets, but there was a difference in the American and British camps as to the significance of the tank.

After taking two years to catch up with German tank design in Africa, the British were wary of falling behind yet again. They had developed the excellent pounder anti-tank gun , but did not yet have a vehicle in service that could fit this large gun into its turret.

For its part, the U. Army did not believe that the Panther would be a significant problem, and did not foresee their armoured forces having to fight pitched engagements against large numbers of Panthers.

The Panther was not seen in combat by the Western Allies until early at Anzio in Italy, where Panthers were employed in small numbers.

Until just before D-Day 6 June , the Panther was thought to be another heavy tank that would not be built in large numbers.

Shortly before D-Day, Allied intelligence reported that large numbers of Panthers were being used in the panzer divisions, and an attempt was made to investigate Panther production.

Using a statistical analysis of the serial numbers on the road wheels on two captured tanks, U. This estimate was very accurate, especially compared to previous methods, as German records after the war showed production of Panthers for the month of February was This indicated that the Panther would be encountered in much larger numbers than had previously been thought.

Army expected to face a handful of German heavy tanks alongside large numbers of Panzer IVs. At this point, it was too late to prepare to face the Panther.

The British were more astute in their recognition of the danger posed by the increasing armour strength of German tanks.

Work on a more powerful anti-tank gun had started in , and the tanks to use it in When these programmes were delayed, a stop-gap solution was found.

The pdr could through modifications be fitted to a Sherman, and orders for this Sherman Firefly were placed in By the time of the Normandy invasion, Sherman Fireflies were available to the Commonwealth armoured divisions.

The British lobbied for American production lines to be modified to produce Fireflies, but these suggestions were declined by the U.

Army, in part due to the poor performance of British tank designs in North Africa. British and Commonwealth tank units in Normandy were initially equipped at the rate of one Firefly in a troop with three Shermans or Cromwells.

This ratio increased until, by the end of the war, half of the British Shermans were Fireflies. At the time, U. Lesley McNair. An artilleryman by trade, he believed that tanks should concentrate on infantry support and exploitation roles and avoid enemy tanks, leaving them to be dealt with by the tank destroyer force, which was a mix of towed anti-tank guns and lightly armoured fighting vehicles with open top turrets with 3-inch This doctrine led to a lack of urgency in the U.

As with the Soviets, the German adoption of thicker armour and the 7. The recommendation of a limited proportion of tanks carrying a 90mm gun is not concurred in for the following reasons: The M4 tank has been hailed widely as the best tank of the battlefield today.

There can be no basis for the T26 tank other than the conception of a tank-vs. Both British and American battle experience has demonstrated that the antitank gun in suitable numbers is the master of the tank.

There has been no indication that the 76mm antitank gun is inadequate against German Mark VI tank.

All U. Tungsten production shortages meant that this round was always in short supply, with only a few available per tank, and some M4 Sherman units never received any.

Whereas Sherman tanks used a high flash powder, making it easier for German tankers to spot them, German tanks used a low flash powder, making it harder for Allied crews to spot them.

A US corporal stated:. I saw where some MkV tanks crossed a muddy field without sinking the tracks over five inches, where we in the M4 started across the same field the same day and bogged down.

It was very effective against the Panther's front turret and side. The high U. Small numbers of the M26 Pershing were also rushed into combat in late February Signal Corps cameraman of an M26 stalking and then blowing up a Panther in the city of Cologne, after the Panther had knocked out two M4 Shermans.

The production of Panther tanks and other German tanks dropped off sharply after January , and eight of the Panther regiments still on the Western Front were transferred to the Eastern Front in February The result was that, for the rest of the war during , the greatest threats to the tanks of the Western Allies were no longer German tanks, but infantry anti-tank weapons, such as the Panzerschreck and Panzerfaust , infantry anti-tank guns, such as the ubiquitous 7.

A German Army status report dated 15 March showed Panthers left in the entire Western Front, of which only 49 were operational.

The early impetus for upgrading the Panther came from the concern of Hitler and others that it lacked sufficient armour.

Hitler had already insisted on an increase in its armour once, early in its design process in Discussions involving Hitler in January called for further increased armour; initially referred to as Panther 2 it became the Panther II after April Production of the Panther 2 was slated to begin in September On 10 February , Dr.

Wiebecke chief design engineer for M. Total weight would increase to more than 50 metric tons. Additional meetings in February began to outline the various components, including a suggestion to adopt the King Tiger's hard-hitting 8.

Thus, plans to replace the original Panther design with the Panther II were already underway before the first Panther had even seen combat.

But from May to June , work on the Panther II ceased as the focus was shifted to expanding production of the original Panther tank.

It is not clear if there was ever an official cancellation — this may have been because the Panther II upgrade pathway was originally started at Hitler's insistence.

The direction that the design was headed would not have been consistent with Germany's need for a mass-produced tank, which was the goal of the Reich Ministry of Armament and War Production.

One Panther II chassis was completed and eventually captured by the U. An Ausf G turret is mounted on this chassis.

After the Panther II project died, a more limited upgrade of the Panther was planned, centred around a re-designed turret.

The Ausf F variant was intended for production in April , but the end of war ended these plans. Another design drawing by Rheinmetall dated 1 March reduced the width of the turret front even further; this was the Turm-Panther Schmale Blende Panther with narrow gun mantlet.

A few were captured and shipped back to the U. One badly damaged turret is on display at the Bovington Tank Museum. It had been used as a post-war range target until its historical significance was recognised.

This increased armour protection also had a slight weight saving due to the overall smaller size of the turret. The Panther Ausf F would have had the Schmalturm , with its better ballistic protection, and an extended front hull roof which was slightly thicker.

The Ausf F's Schmalturm was to have a built-in stereoscopic rangefinder — using twin matching armored blisters, one on each turret side, much like the Americans' post-war M47 Patton tank — and lower weight than the original turrets.

A number of Ausf F hulls were built at Daimler-Benz and Ruhrstahl-Hattingen steelworks; there is no evidence that any completed Ausf F saw service before the end of the war.

Proposals to equip the Schmalturm with the 8. These would have likely equipped future German tanks but none were built, as the war ended.

The E series of experimental tanks — E, E, E, E, E the numbers designated their weight class — was proposed to further streamline production with an even greater sharing of common parts and simplification of design.

In this scheme, the Panther tank would have been replaced by the E A Belleville washer -based, hull sidemount suspension system was proposed to replace the complex and costly dual torsion bar system.

The Schmalturm would have been used, likely with a variant of the 8. Although a technologically sophisticated vehicle, the Panther's design had a very limited influence on postwar tank development.

The French postwar AMX 50 tank prototype was indirectly influenced by it through the Entwicklung series , but never entered series production.

It is claimed that the Panther was arguably a forebear to the modern main battle tank. The Panther itself also saw some limited use outside the German military, both before and after During the war, the Red Army employed a number of captured Panthers.

These were repainted with prominent Soviet emblems and tactical markings to avoid friendly fire incidents. Panzer IVs and StuGs, on the other hand, were so numerous in terms of spare parts and easy to repair that they could be used over a much longer period in combat conditions.

During March—April , Bulgaria received 15 Panthers of various makes D, A, and G variants from captured and overhauled Soviet stocks; they only saw limited training service use.

They were dug down, with automotive components removed, as pillboxes along the Bulgarian-Turkish border as early as the late s. The final fate of these pillbox Panthers is unknown, but sources indicate that they were replaced and scrapped in the s.

They were initially used by the 1st Armoured Brigade, but in the equipment was ceded to the Soviet-organized " Tudor Vladimirescu Division ", which was transformed from a volunteer infantry division into an armoured one.

The Panther tank was officially known as T-V T-5 in the army inventory. These tanks were in poor condition and remained in service until about , by which time the Romanian Army had received T tanks.

All of the tanks were scrapped by One captured vehicle named "Cuckoo" also saw service with the British Coldstream Guards for some time.

Germany sold Japan a single Panther along with a Tiger in September ; by the time it was ready in , it was impossible to ship due to Allied naval interdiction.

In , Sweden sent a delegation to France to examine surviving specimens of German military vehicles. During their visit, the delegates found a few surviving Panthers and had one shipped to Sweden for further testing and evaluation, which continued until The tank is on display in the Deutsches Panzermuseum in Munster.

These remained in service until they were replaced by French-built ARL 44 heavy tanks. A complete Panther and a complete Jagdpanther produced this way are now at the Bovington Tank Museum, Dorset, with brass plates on them, explaining their history.

Panthers, already with bush camouflage attached, being transported by rail to the front in France. Panther with full Schürzen spaced armour attached, intended to supplement the side armour above the roadwheels.

Panther with Schürzen partially attached. They were difficult to maintain in place when travelling through heavy brush. Road gantry Strabokran , which was indispensable to maintain the Panther tank in the field.

Panther that was captured by French 2nd Armored Division in Sept. Originally from the th Panzer Brigade. On display at Musee des Blindes, Saumur, France.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. German medium tank of WWII. Type of Medium tank. Panther Ausf. D tanks, World War II tanks.

List Category. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Panther II tank. Main article: List of Panzer V variants.

Tanks portal Military of Germany portal. This calculation was derived from firing tables "Pz. Beschusstafel" created against the KV Stackpole Books.

Jentz and Hilary Louis Doyle Panzer Tracts No. Panzer Tracts. Panther Medium Tank Osprey Publishing Ltd. Overmatch Press. Schiffer Military History.

Panther vs. T Ukraine Kursk A Statistical Analysis. Retrieved 30 January Referencing: Pawlas, Karl R.

Germany's Panther Tank. Schiffer Publishing, Ltd. Some sources state that only a pre-production run of 20 Panthers used the HL engine Spielberger p.

Tank Archives. Retrieved 27 August Panther vs Sherman: Battle of the Bulge Bloomsbury Publishing. Retrieved 23 November The 7.

By contrast the 7. Sherman p. Retrieved 26 September IS-2 Heavy Tanks Osprey Publishing. Retrieved 11 August Archived from the original on 2 January Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 15 February IS-2 Heavy Tank Retrieved 23 January

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