Olga Benario Inhaltsverzeichnis
Olga Benario war eine deutsche Kommunistin und ein Opfer des Nationalsozialismus. Olga Benario (* Februar in München; † April in der „Euthanasie“-Anstalt in Bernburg) war eine deutsche Kommunistin und ein Opfer des. Olga Benario wird am Februar als Tochter einer jüdischen Familie in München geboren. Ihr Vater ist Rechtsanwalt und Mitglied der SPD. Bereits in den. Dies schrieb Olga Benario-Prestes kurz vor ihrer Ermordung an ihre junge Tochter. Die Kommunistin und Jüdin war seit den er Jahren politisch sehr aktiv. Szene aus dem in Brasilien entstandenen Film „Olga“. Olga Benario wird darin von Camila Morgad gespielt. © imago images / United.
Dies schrieb Olga Benario-Prestes kurz vor ihrer Ermordung an ihre junge Tochter. Die Kommunistin und Jüdin war seit den er Jahren politisch sehr aktiv. Olga Benario war eine deutsche Kommunistin und ein Opfer des Nationalsozialismus. (Olga Benario Prestes' letzter Brief an Luís Carlos Prestes und ihre Tochter Anita). Am Februar wird Olga Gutmann Benario in München geboren.
Rochelle Saidel is the founder and executive director of the Remember the Women Institute, an organisation based in New York that supports cultural and research projects that aim to include women in history.
For a year-and-a-half she didn't know what had happened, for all she knew the baby could have been given to a Nazi family.
Despite that, she continued helping other people and remained idealistic. Olga was named Blockalteste, or block elder. She made a small secret atlas to teach other prisoners about geography and war, collaborated on a clandestine newspaper and put together a detailed atlas which remains in archives today.
Then in February , she was taken to the Bernburg euthanasia clinic, where she was gassed to death in April.
She paid with her life for such steadfastness, since if she were to deceive her comrades, she would have had the chance to take up asylum in Russia, Mexico or England.
Authors, filmmakers, curators and theatre directors have all sought to tell her story. Saidel says the various ways in which it has been narrated are a clear example of the politics of memory.
The Jewish part of her identity in particular has triggered much discussion. As a communist herself, Anita regards her mother more as a political prisoner than a Jewish victim of the Nazis.
Cohen says he sees both. But from onwards, they refer to her almost exclusively as a Jew. Anita was saved by her paternal grandmother Leocadia Prestes and reunited with her father in She has since written about her parents extensively.
Anita says that in Brazil, her mother is seen as a "symbol of the struggle of freedom fighters and communists". The Brazilian blockbuster film, Olga, was Brazil's submission for the 77th Academy Awards in the Best Foreign Film category, although it was not accepted as a nominee.
In Germany, during the Cold War, she was considered a heroine in the east of the country, with schools, care homes, factories and streets named after her.
Being a communist heroine in the East meant that the West ignored her. Krause, the volunteer at the gallery in former West Berlin, says that's now changing and more people are learning about her across the country.
For Cohen, Olga Benario's legacy, particularly today, as far right movements grow in prominence across much of the world, is clear.
We cannot accept what is going on. Olga Benario did it two ways. She fought fascism while she was free, and then she resisted the Nazis for six more years.
That is almost unimaginable. Across Europe, the far right is on the rise and it has some of the continent's most diverse communities in its crosshairs.
To the far right, these neighbourhoods are 'no-go zones' that challenge their notion of what it means to be European. To those who live in them, they are Europe.
Watch them tell their stories in This is Europe. North Korea has long wanted to develop long-range missiles that could reach the US.
Now it may have achieved that. Poor Nigerian inmates can wait years for their cases to go to trial, but now a group of lawyers are fighting the system.
Demonstrators in five cities describe how police used force on peaceful protests, resulting in serious injuries, trauma.
Toggle navigation. Olga Benario Prestes: The German who fought fascism, to the death The daughter of the German communist killed by the Nazis discusses her legacy in the modern fight against the far right.
Artwork on the right by Julia Terwilliger. Anita Leocadia Prestes, Olga's daughter, is a retired professor and historian who has written about her parents [Photo courtesy of the Sao Paulo-based Boitempo publishing house, which published Anita's most recent book].
Gouri Sharma. Have your say. Give us feedback. Sign up for our Newsletter. On the other hand, several men naturally follow her lead, but without being denounced as weaklings, even though they are allowed to show weaknesses.
In literature, it is definitely possible to find far better portraits of militant women politicians, take for example the writings of Ingrid Strobl "Sag nie, Du gehst den letzten Weg" or Inge Viett "Nie war ich furchtloser".
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